Dag Hammarskjold was such a wonderful model of what the U.N. can be and do. As Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1953 to 1961, Hammarskjold was known for his unrelenting energy given to fairness, peace and collaboration. He represented hope and reconciliation throughout many corners of our world.
Hammarskjold supported countries whether or not there was an economic interest, as it should be. Equitable involvement for all countries was his philosophy.
For example in the Suez Crisis, when Egypt nationalized the canal, Hammarskjold was able to broker French, British and Egyptian collaboration to keep it open. Meanwhile, Israel attacked Egypt and the peace process was upset. With Mr. Hammarskjold’s leadership, U.N. Forces were able to maintain a peaceful solution until a longer term solution was reached.
In endangered Laos, he was able to place UN representatives there, which provided watchful protection. He also became part of a very long-term process against apartheid, meeting several times with the Union of South Africa, opening up attitudes of equality and fairness regarding race.
Hammarskjold’s last challenge was the crisis in the Congo where violent civil war was ensuing. Here he had brokered leaders meeting in neutral territory to resolve the conflict. Unfortunately, his plane was shot down and he did not survive.
Dag Hammarskjold was mourned by the world. He was seen as an extremely strong leader led by principles; tireless and needing little sleep.
It was as if he were “on call” for the world.
“The world in which I grew up in was dominated by principles and ideals…I inherited a belief that no life was more satisfactory than one of selfless service to your country or humanity. This sacrifice required a sacrifice of all personal interests, but likewise the courage to stand up unflinchingly for your convictions.”
Hammarskjold also created a meditation room or peace room in the U.N. It is a place only for thoughts, no words, and embraces all types of prayers. There is a stone in the middle of the room with nothing on it, and yet a shaft of light shines directly there. It is dedicated as an altar to harmony and freedom that is worshipped in many forms, by different countries and peoples, in many varied ways all over the world.
Dag Hammarskjold was an economist and diplomat who was the second Secretary-General of the United Nations. He was born in Jönköping and grew up in Uppsala. His father was Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, the Prime Minister of Sweden from 1914 to 1917. By the age of 25, he had already received a Licentiate of Philosophy and his Master of Laws degree. After receiving his Ph.D. in Economics, Hammarskjold began serving his country in various roles from state secretary in the Ministry of Finance to being vice chairman of of the Swedish delegation to the United Nations General Assembly. In becoming Secretary-General, he received an unexpected nomination from the Secretary Council (with China abstaining) and he surprised everyone with his knowledge of the United Nations’ affairs when accepting his nominations. He’s widely considered to be one of the two best Secretary-Generals of the United Nations. During his tenure, he made sure to promote peace and equality both within and outside the United Nations. Hammarskjold promoted peace in Congo and he was unexpectedly killed en route to a trip there. After his death, he was rewarded a Nobel Prize.